Chronic and communicable diseases affect millions of people across the world each year. Communicable diseases are caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria or parasites, that can be spread from person to person or from animal to person, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
If you caught that disease from another person or animal, it is called a communicable disease. You can’t pass to or catch these diseases from others. They include heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory illnesses.
Subsequently, question is, what are the 10 communicable diseases? List of Communicable Diseases
- Enterovirus D68.
- Hepatitis A.
- Hepatitis B.
In this manner, what are communicable diseases?
Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.
What are communicable and noncommunicable disease?
A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.
What is the most common communicable disease?
So, without further ado, here are the five most common infectious diseases. Hepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. Malaria. Hepatitis C. Dengue. Tuberculosis.
What are the four most common communicable diseases?
Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.
What are the 10 non communicable diseases?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes. Chronic respiratory disease chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) asthma. occupational lung diseases, such as black lung. pulmonary hypertension. cystic fibrosis.
What are some example of communicable diseases?
Familiar examples of communicable diseases are malaria and tuberculosis. Diseases such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes mellitus, which are not caused by infectious agents and are not transmitted between people, are called non-communicable diseases.
What is non communicable diseases with examples?
Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease. Almost four-fifths of all deaths from non-communicable diseases occur in developing countries. chronic diseases.
What are the effects of communicable diseases?
Communicable diseases, alone or in combination with malnutrition, account for most deaths in complex emergencies. Factors promoting disease transmission interact synergistically leading to high incidence rates of diarrhoea, respiratory infection, malaria, and measles.
What are the causes of communicable diseases?
Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.
How can communicable diseases be controlled?
Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading. Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Wash Hands Often. Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. Don’t Share Personal Items. Get Vaccinated. Avoid Touching Wild Animals.
What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?
Ebola. Influenza. Mumps. Norovirus. Pertussis. Tuberculosis. Coronavirus.
What are 3 ways communicable diseases are spread?
How do these communicable diseases spread? physical contact with an infected person, such as through touch (staphylococcus), sexual intercourse (gonorrhea, HIV), fecal/oral transmission (hepatitis A), or droplets (influenza, TB) contact with a contaminated surface or object (Norwalk virus), food (salmonella, E.
What is the most deadly communicable disease?
The 5 most deadly contagious diseases HIV/AIDS: 1.6 million deaths in 2012. Tuberculosis: 1.3 million deaths in 2012. Pneumonia: 1.1 million children under the age of five, according to yearly estimates. Infectious diarrhea: 760,000 children under the age of five, according to yearly estimates. Malaria: 627,000 deaths.
Which disease is a communicable disease?
Communicable diseases are those that spread by an infectious agent, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Most of these diseases can be passed from person to person so the words “contagious” or “infectious” are often used when talking about communicable diseases.
How are disease transmitted?
Infectious diseases are commonly transmitted through direct person-to-person contact. Transmission occurs when an infected person touches or exchanges body fluids with someone else. This can happen before an infected person is aware of the illness. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be transmitted this way.
What is another name for communicable disease?
Cultural definitions for communicable disease communicable disease. Any disease transmitted from one person or animal to another; also called contagious disease. Sometimes quarantine is required to prevent the spread of disease.