The human body consists of a bony skeleton and muscles. The three main parts of the body are: the head, the trunk and the limbs (extremities). The head is composed of the cranial and facial parts. It contains the brain, the centre of the nervous system.
These are the brain, heart, kidneys, liver and lungs.
Secondly, which are the three parts of the leg? Parts of Leg
- Upper Leg.
- Lower Leg.
- Leg Anatomy Centers.
Also Know, what are the parts of the body and their functions?
Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:
- The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull.
- The lungs.
- The liver.
- The bladder.
- The kidneys.
- The heart.
- The stomach.
- The intestines.
What are the 11 systems of the human body and their functions?
The 11 organ systems of the body are the integumentary, muscular, skeletal, nervous, circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, endocrine, urinary/excretory, reproductive and digestive. Although each of your 11 organ systems has a unique function, each organ system also depends, directly or indirectly, on all the others.
How does a human body work?
The human body is composed of organs that are part of different body systems that allow the human body to work. The design of the body will be explored as well as the different tissues that combine to make the different organs such as the heart and lungs.
Who created the human body?
In the Renaissance, Andreas Vesalius (1514–1564) pioneered the modern study of human anatomy by dissection, writing the influential book De humani corporis fabrica. Anatomy advanced further with the invention of the microscope and the study of the cellular structure of tissues and organs.
How many bones do we have?
The human skeleton is the internal framework of the human body. It is composed of around 270 bones at birth – this total decreases to around 206 bones by adulthood after some bones get fused together. The bone mass in the skeleton reaches maximum density around age 21.
What is the human body made of?
Almost 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Only about 0.85% is composed of another five elements: potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. All 11 are necessary for life.
What is your body count?
1 : a count of the bodies of killed enemy soldiers. 2 : the number of persons involved in a particular activity.
How many muscles are there in human body?
Which is the smallest bone in the human body?
The stapes is the third bone of the three ossicles in the middle ear. The stapes is a stirrup-shaped bone, and the smallest in the human body. It rests on the oval window, to which it is connected by an annular ligament.
How many total organs are in the human body?
The body includes nine major organ systems, each composed of various organs and tissues that work together as a functional unit.
Is the tongue an organ?
The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication and is used in the act of swallowing. It has importance in the digestive system and is the primary organ of taste in the gustatory system. There are two groups of muscles of the tongue.
Is the heart an organ?
Your heart is actually a muscular organ. An organ is a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function. In the case of your heart, this function is pumping blood throughout your body. Additionally, the heart is largely made up of a type of muscle tissue called cardiac muscle.
What is the function of the head?
Function. The head contains sensory organs: two eyes, two ears, a nose and tongue inside of the mouth. It also houses the brain. Together, these organs function as a processing center for the body by relaying sensory information to the brain.
What does the stomach do?
The stomach is a muscular organ located on the left side of the upper abdomen. The stomach receives food from the esophagus. As food reaches the end of the esophagus, it enters the stomach through a muscular valve called the lower esophageal sphincter. The stomach secretes acid and enzymes that digest food.
Is blood an organ?
Technically, blood is a transport liquid pumped by the heart (or an equivalent structure) to all parts of the body, after which it is returned to the heart to repeat the process. Blood is both a tissue and a fluid. It is a tissue because it is a collection of similar specialized cells that serve particular functions.
What a cell is?
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning “small room”) is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known organisms. A cell is the smallest unit of life. Cells consist of cytoplasm enclosed within a membrane, which contains many biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids.