What causes Dyskaryosis?

Dyskaryosis is normally caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is almost always transmitted through sexual activity. Genital HPV is easily passed through skin-on-skin contact as well as genital contact and oral sex.

Dyskaryosis can be caused through infection with human papilloma virus (HPV), which exists in a number of different strains; type 16 and type 18 cause dyskaryosis more frequently and readily than do other types. These viruses are nearly always sexually transmitted.

Also, is high grade severe Dyskaryosis a cancer? Cell abnormalities are classed as borderline, mild, moderate or severe dyskaryosis. Moderate or severe cell changes are called high grade, but this isn’t cancer, it just needs to be assessed further as treatment may be needed.

Consequently, what is Dyskaryosis on cervical smear?

Dyskaryosis refers to the change of appearance in cells that cover the surface of the cervix. A smear test or cervical screening test is used to detect abnormal cells in your cervix (the entrance to your womb).

What is high risk Dyskaryosis?

A small number of women have moderate or severe changes to the cells on their cervix. This is called highgrade dyskaryosis. These changes are also pre-cancerous in nature with the majority of cases not leading to cancer of the cervix in the future. These changes are less likely to return to normal on their own.

Is Dyskaryosis contagious?

It is not contagious and cannot be passed on to other people. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus and is often called the ‘neck of the uterus. These abnormal cells are not cancerous, and are called cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN). CIN may also be referred to as dysplasia or dyskaryosis.

How common is severe Dyskaryosis?

It is a common misconception amongst many that smear tests are used to check for cancer, when in fact, they are carried out to identify changes in the cervix, no matter how big or small. As such, an abnormal smear result is actually very common – around one in 20 according to the NHS.

How often is severe Dyskaryosis cancer?

If severe, they need to be removed. Severe dyskaryosis left untreated would have a one in three chance of developing into cervical cancer within 20 years.

Is a colposcopy serious?

A colposcopy is a safe and quick procedure. However, some women find it uncomfortable and a few experience pain. Tell the doctor or nurse (colposcopist) if you find the procedure painful, as they will try to make you more comfortable. A colposcopy is a safe procedure to have during pregnancy.

Does HPV cause Dyskaryosis?

The good news is that in the vast majority of cases (approximately 95%), the HPV virus causes no symptoms or health problems. Most women will fight the infection via their immune system, but for others, it can progress and result in dyskaryosis.


HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). HPV is a different virus than HIV and HSV (herpes). There are many different types of HPV. Some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers.

Is high grade Dyskaryosis common?

These cell changes may also be called dyskaryosis. Severe cell changes (severe or high-grade dyskaryosis). Cell changes in the cervix are often associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is transmitted by sexual intercourse. HPV is a very common virus; there are over 100 types.

Can a nurse see cervical cancer?

Colposcopy. If you’ve had an abnormal cervical screening test result, or any symptoms of cervical cancer, you will usually be referred for a colposcopy. This is an examination to look for abnormalities in your cervix. It’s normally done by a nurse called a colposcopist.

What happens if you are HPV positive?

If you get a positive HPV test, your physician has detected one or more high risk strains of the virus on the Pap test of your cervix. If the virus stays with you for a long time, it can cause cell changes that can lead to several types of cancer.

Should I shave for a smear test?

You do not need to shave before your appointment, writes Olivia Petter. Every year, around 3,000 new cases of cervical cancer are reported in the UK. Each day, The Independent will be publishing content to help raise awareness and dispel myths regarding cervical cancer.

What happens if you test positive for HPV?

Results from your HPV test will come back as either positive or negative. Positive HPV test. A positive test result means that you have a type of high-risk HPV that’s linked to cervical cancer. It doesn’t mean that you have cervical cancer now, but it’s a warning sign that cervical cancer could develop in the future.

What does a borderline smear test mean?

Borderline changes or mild (low-grade) dyskaryosis. For many women their abnormal result will show borderline changes or mild (low-grade) dyskaryosis. The areas of changed cells are known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, or CIN. CIN is graded on a scale of 1 to 3.

When can I have a bath after colposcopy?

For five days after the procedure, avoid vaginal intercourse. Don’t take a bath for 72 hours post-procedure. Showering is fine. You may notice a gritty brown (sometimes bloody) discharge for several days if you had a biopsy.

How common is low grade Dyskaryosis?

More than half (52%) of the referrals for colposcopy in 2012-2013 had borderline changes or mild dyskaryosis on smear. These changes are often referred to as low grade. Dyskaryosis is the name given to small changes that are found in the cells of the cervix.