What is freeze/thaw stability?

Any ingredient or product termed freeze/thaw-stable shows a resistance to deterioration after repeated temperature cycling. Such temperature fluctuations cause the available water to form ice crystals, then melt, then refreeze, and so on. This means that usually a certain amount of water remains in a liquid state.

The freezethaw method is commonly used to lyse bacterial and mammalian cells. The technique involves freezing a cell suspension in a dry ice/ethanol bath or freezer and then thawing the material at room temperature or 37°C.

Subsequently, question is, what do you mean by thawing? verb (used without object) to pass or change from a frozen to a liquid or semiliquid state; melt. to be freed from the physical effect of frost or extreme cold (sometimes followed by out): Sit by the fire and thaw out. (of the weather) to become warm enough to melt ice and snow: It will probably thaw today.

People also ask, how do you thaw a serum sample?


  1. Fill the water-bath with sufficient water so that the product is immersed near the serum level.
  2. Place each bottle in 37° water bath.
  3. Gently swirl or shake the bottles every 10 minutes until the serum is completely thawed, or use a shaking water bath to agitate the serum while thawing.

How does freeze/thaw damage occur?

Freeze/thaw damage occurs in concrete when the water molecules in concrete freeze and expand beyond the volume constraints of the concrete. When the >91% of the pores of concrete are filled with water, the concrete is known to be saturated.

How does repeated freeze/thaw process cause damage?

Cryotherapy relies on repeated freeze-thaw cycles to cause tissue damage. Maximal cellular damage results from rapid and deep cooling and a relatively slow thaw. The Joule-Thompson effect describes the drop in temperature that develops as a gas expands from a high-pressure to a low-pressure environment.

Does freezing denature proteins?

However, freezing can induce several stresses that are capable of denaturing proteins (Franks, 1985), such as cold temperature, ice formation, solute concentration due to the crystallization of water, eutectic crystallization of buffer solutes, and resultant pH changes.

How does freeze/thaw lysis work?

Freeze-thaw lysis method. The technique involves freezing a cell suspension in a dry ice/ethanol bath or freezer and then thawing the material at room temperature or 37°C. This method of lysis causes cells to swell and ultimately break as ice crystals form during the freezing process and then contract during thawing.

How do you do cryotherapy?

Liquid Nitrogen Application Hand hygiene. Select spray tip A to D of the appropriate size for the diameter and thickness of the lesion. Apply the liquid nitrogen to the lesion for a few seconds, depending on the required diameter and depth of the freeze. A margin of 1–2 mm is recommended for benign lesions.

Is freezing and thawing mechanical or chemical?

Mechanical weathering is the process of breaking big rocks into little ones. That process occurs when the water inside of rocks freezes and expands. That expansion cracks the rocks from the inside and eventually breaks them apart. The freeze-thaw cycle happens over and over again and the break finally happens.

What is freeze thaw test?

Freeze-thaw cycle testing is a part of stability testing that allows you to determine if your formula will remain stable under various conditions. This type of test puts your sample through a series of extreme, rapid temperature changes that it may encounter during normal shipping and handling processes.

What is mechanical disruption?

Mechanical Disruption Methods. Disrupting cells and tissues by applying a force not inherent to the sample is considered a mechanical disruption method. Mechanical homogenization procedures generate lysates with characteristics different than those produced by chemical lysis.

How long serum can be stored?

Serum should be stored at 4–8°C until shipment takes place, or for max. 7 days. When kept for longer periods, serum samples should be frozen at −20°C or lower and transported to the testing laboratory on frozen ice packs.

Can I thaw FBS at 37 C?

Do not keep serum at 37°C any longer than necessary for it to thaw completely. Alternatively, serum bottles may be placed in a 37°C water bath directly from frozen storage. Do not thaw serum at temperatures above 37°C. Bottles should be agitated by a gentle swirling motion to enhance mixing and thawing.

How do you defrost frozen plasma?

Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) normally requires about 45 min to thaw in a 37 degrees C water bath when placed inside an additional plastic overbag. That relatively prolonged time may result in non-utilization or delays in delivery of the product, especially, during emergency surgery.

How long does it take plasma to freeze?

Fresh serum and plasma are only stable for 3-5 days at ambient temperatures, but they can be stored frozen for 2-5 years for later analysis.

Can you freeze thaw FBS?

You can still confidently use FBS that is partially thawed, if at least two-thirds of it is frozen. Can I aliquot and refreeze the serum? Yes, after the overnight thaw, you can aliquot the serum into smaller, single-use aliquots and refreeze it. Serum should be used within 2–4 weeks when stored at 2–8°C.

How do you use thaw in a sentence?

thaw Sentence Examples It was frozen, but it would soon thaw in this heat. I sensed a thaw in you. The rivers scarcely thaw before July. When required for use they are removed to cool sheds to thaw, and are then gradually inured to higher temperatures.

What is the synonym of thaw?

Synonyms. dethaw deice unfreeze dissolve liquify flux unthaw liquefy de-ice deliquesce defrost melt. Antonyms.