Lebensraum, or living space, was a policy of the Nazis during WWII to conquer territory in Europe for German use. However, the first mention of Lebensraum actually dates back to 1901. A geographer named Friedrich Ratzel began looking at the ways that plants, animals, and man adapted to and competed for living space.
Idea of ‘Lebensraum‘ Between 1921 and 1925 Adolf Hitler developed the belief that Germany required Lebensraum (‘living space‘) in order to survive.
Also, when was appeasement used in ww2? 1930s
Secondly, what is Lebensraum class9?
Lebensraum was one of the major political ideas of Adolf Hitler, and an important component of Naziideology. It was the stated policy of the Nazis to kill, deport, or enslave the Polish, Russian and other Slavic populations, whom they considered inferior, and to repopulate the land with Germanic peoples.
What was Hitler’s desire for Germany?
Hitler had an overriding ambition for territorial expansion, which was largely driven by his desire to reunify the German peoples and his pursuit of Lebensraum, “living space” that would enable Germans to become economically self-sufficient and militarily secure.
Why did Germany want lebensraum?
During World War I, the British blockade of trade to Germany caused food shortages in Germany and resources from Germany’s African colonies were unable to help; this caused support to rise during the war for a Lebensraum that would expand Germany eastward into Russia to gain control of resources to stop the food
What does Gestapo mean?
The Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo, was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Why did Germany invade Poland?
Germany invades Poland. On this day in 1939, German forces bombard Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler seeks to regain lost territory and ultimately rule Poland. World War II had begun. The German invasion of Poland was a primer on how Hitler intended to wage war–what would become the “blitzkrieg” strategy
What does Lebensborn mean?
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: “Fount of Life”) was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as ‘racially pure’ and ‘healthy’ based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.
Where did the term blitzkrieg come from?
During the Invasion of Poland, Western journalists adopted the term blitzkrieg to describe this form of armoured warfare. The term had appeared in 1935, in a German military periodical Deutsche Wehr (German Defence), in connection to quick or lightning warfare.
What does volksgemeinschaft mean?
Volksgemeinschaft (German pronunciation: [ˈf?lksg?ˌma?n?aft]) is a German expression meaning “people’s community”.
What was Hitler’s plan for Eastern Europe?
Generalplan Ost (GPO) (English: Master Plan East) was a secret Nazi German plan for the colonization of Central and Eastern Europe. Implementing it would have necessitated genocide and ethnic cleansing on a vast scale to be undertaken in the European territories occupied by Germany during World War II.
Who was the leader of the SA?
Why did Germany sign a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union in 1939?
For his part, Hitler wanted a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union so that his armies could invade Poland virtually unopposed by a major power, after which Germany could deal with the forces of France and Britain in the west without having to simultaneously fight the Soviet Union on a second front in the east.
What did the Nsdap believe in?
What was the Nazi ideology? Führer – the idea that there should be a single leader with complete power rather than a democracy. Autarky – the idea that Germany should be economically self-sufficient. A strong Germany – the Treaty of Versailles should be abolished and all German-speaking people united in one country.
What are the reason for Hitler’s rise to power give facts?
Hitler was appointed Chancellor in January 1933. His rise to power was the result of many factors: the impact of the Depression, the weaknesses of Weimar democracy and the strengths of the Nazi party.
What political and economic problems did the Weimar Republic face?
Hyperinflation and the Fallout Despite its new constitution, the Weimar Republic faced one of Germany’s greatest economic challenges: hyperinflation. Thanks to the Treaty of Versailles, Germany’s ability to produce revenue-generating coal and iron ore decreased.
Why was the Enabling Act passed?
The Enabling Act gave Hitler plenary powers and followed on the heels of the Reichstag Fire Decree, which had abolished most civil liberties and transferred state powers to the Reich government. The combined effect of the two laws was to transform Hitler’s government into a legal dictatorship.
When did appeasement end?
It came to an end when Hitler seized Czechoslovakia on March 15, 1939, in defiance of his promises given at Munich, and Prime Minister Chamberlain, who had championed appeasement before, decided on a policy of resistance to further German aggression.”