What simple sugar is broken down in the mitochondria?

Cellular respiration is the process of extracting energy in the form of ATP from the glucose in the food you eat. In stage one, glucose is broken down in the cytoplasm of the cell in a process called glycolysis. In stage two, the pyruvate molecules are transported into the mitochondria.

Cellular respiration is the process of extracting energy in the form of ATP from the glucose in the food you eat. In stage one, glucose is broken down in the cytoplasm of the cell in a process called glycolysis. In stage two, the pyruvate molecules are transported into the mitochondria.

Secondly, what cell process occurs in the mitochondria? respiration

Accordingly, what process is glucose broken down in?

If oxygen is present, then glucose can be broken all the way down into carbon dioxide and water. This process is called aerobic respiration because it requires air (oxygen). In the absence of oxygen, the cell uses a process called anaerobic fermentation. or simply fermentation.

What types of cells would have more mitochondria?

Some cells have more mitochondria than others. Your fat cells have many mitochondria because they store a lot of energy. Muscle cells have many mitochondria, which allows them to respond quickly to the need for doing work.

What are the two specific steps where ATP is used?

Glycolysis: what are the two specific steps where ATP is used? Glycolysis: the second step in glycolysis the energy payoff phase. note that it provides both ATP and NADH.

What are the three products of cellular respiration?

Oxygen and glucose are both reactants in the process of cellular respiration. The main product of cellular respiration is ATP; waste products include carbon dioxide and water.

What is ATP used for?

The Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the “molecular currency” of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic acids.

What is the formula for cellular respiration?

C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 –> 6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O + ATP is the complete balanced chemical formula for cellular respiration.

What are the two types of fermentation?

The two most common types of fermentation are (1) alcoholic fermentation and (2) lactic acid fermentation. (1) Alcoholic fermentation : the type of fermentation in which ethyl alcohol is the main end product . This is very common in yeast (unicellular fungus) and also seen in some bacteria.

What are the products of glycolysis?

Glycolysis involves the breaking down of a sugar (generally glucose, although fructose and other sugars may be used) into more manageable compounds in order to produce energy. The net end products of glycolysis are two Pyruvate, two NADH, and two ATP (A special note on the “two” ATP later).

What are the products of cellular respiration?

Cellular respiration is this process in which oxygen and glucose are used to create ATP, carbon dioxide, and water. ATP, carbon dioxide, and water are all products of this process because they are what is created.

How is 38 ATP formed?

Most of the ATP produced by aerobic cellular respiration is made by oxidative phosphorylation. Biology textbooks often state that 38 ATP molecules can be made per oxidized glucose molecule during cellular respiration (2 from glycolysis, 2 from the Krebs cycle, and about 34 from the electron transport system).

How is starch broken down into glucose?

Starch breaks down to shorter glucose chains. This process starts in the mouth with salivary amylase. The process slows in the stomach and then goes into overdrive in the small intestines. The short glucose chains are broken down to maltose and then to glucose.

How is glucose broken down into pyruvate?

In glycolysis, a six-carbon sugar known as glucose is split into two molecules of a three-carbon sugar called pyruvate. This multistep process yields two ATP molecules containing free energy, two pyruvate molecules, two high energy, electron-carrying molecules of NADH, and two molecules of water.

What is the process in which glucose is broken down and ATP is made?

During cellular respiration, a glucose molecule is gradually broken down into carbon dioxide and water. Along the way, some ATP is produced directly in the reactions that transform glucose. Much more ATP, however, is produced later in a process called oxidative phosphorylation.

What is pyruvate broken down into?

First, it is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate by a process called glycolosis. Then, if oxygen is present, the pyruvate is taken into the mitochondria, and is broken down into Acetyl-CoA (Acetyl coenzyme A), which enters the citric acid cycle, producing high energy hydrogen bonds.

What are the 10 steps of glycolysis?

Glycolysis Explained in 10 Easy Steps Step 1: Hexokinase. Step 2: Phosphoglucose Isomerase. Step 3: Phosphofructokinase. Step 4: Aldolase. Step 5: Triosephosphate isomerase. Step 6: Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase. Step 7: Phosphoglycerate Kinase. Step 8: Phosphoglycerate Mutase.

Where is glucose found in living organisms?

Glucose is a primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. In animals glucose arises from the breakdown of glycogen in a process known as glycogenolysis.